Zeeuws-Flemish in Brazil: Multilingualism and Language Decay

TitleZeeuws-Flemish in Brazil: Multilingualism and Language Decay
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsSchaffel-Bremenkamp, E., Rys K., Nevins A., & Postma G.
JournalGragoatá (Revista dos programas de pós-graduação do Instituto de Letras da UFF)
Start Page435
Date PublishedJuly 2017
Keywordsimmigration, language policies, language practices

In this paper, we present the linguistic and cultural description
of the Brazilian Zeeuws-Flemish population in Espírito Santo,
which today has no more than 20 speakers. The Zeeuws-Flemish
speakers, hundreds of whom left Zeeland in 1858-1862, have
faced hardship and difficulty in adaptation and integration into
Brazilian society ever since their arrival, with their language
threatened not only by Brazilian Portuguese, but also by
Brazilian Pomeranian, somewhat of a lingua franca among the
Germanic Protestant community in the region. In this paper we
present a sociolinguistic survey of the Brazilian Zeeuws-Flemish
language community and an overview of its linguistic features
such as intra- and interspeaker allophony, lexical borrowing and
calquing, relative pronoun neutralization, do-support, topic drop,
complementizer fusion, and loss of diminutives.

Short TitleZeeuws-Flemish in Brazil
Refereed DesignationRefereed